THE most important contemporary European authority for the early part of Aurangzib’s reign is the French physician Bernier, who lived in India from 1659 to 1666, and whoso Travels have recently bean admirably edited by Mr. Constable. Bernier writes as a philosopher and man of the world : his contemporary Tavernier (1640-1667) views India with the professional eye of a jeweller; nevertheless his Travels, of which Dr. Ball has produced a scientific edition, contain many valuable pictures of Mughal life and character. Dr. Fryer’s New Account of India is chiefly useful as a description of the Maratha power under Sivaji, for the author during his visit to India (1672-81) did not extend his travels further north than Siirat. Like Fryer, Ovington (1689-92) did not go to the Mughal Court, and his Voyage to Suratt contains little beyond what the English merchants of Bombay and Surat (the only places he visited) chose to tell him. Something may be gleaned from Yule’s elaborate edition of Hedges’ Diary as to the Mughal pro- vincial administration in 1682-4 ; and Dr. Gemelli Careri’s visit to Aurangzib’s camp in the Deccan in 1695 throws light on an obscure portion of the reign. Catrou’s Histoire Generate de V Empire du Mogol (1715), founded on the Portuguese memoirs of ‘ M. Manouchi.
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